Cervical/Neck

Cervical Bulging Disc

About

A cervical bulging disc can occur as part of the aging process. If the bulge puts pressure on the nerves and surrounding soft tissue it can become symptomatic. It can be additionally caused by a sudden fall or trauma and genetic factors.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a cervical bulging disc include, pain, numbness, weakness, tingling, or muscle spasms or cramping.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Neck collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Facet joint injections
  • Physical therapy

Cervical Degenerative Joint Disease

About

Cervical degenerative joint disease is a common cause of cervical neck pain. Cervical facet joints, like synovial joints, are susceptible to damage, degeneration, inflammation and arthritic changes. Changes in the facet can result in pain, loss of motion, irritation of the nerve if the joint and a pinching of the nerve exiting the spinal column.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of cervical degenerative joint disease include pain in the neck, pain and tenderness location in the neck area, muscles spasms and changes in posture, a loss of motion, loss of normal cervical curvature and localized swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Neck collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Facet joint injections
  • Physical therapy

Cervical Facet Syndrome

About

Facet joint irritation is a common cause of neck pain. Like synovial joints, facet joints are susceptible to wear-and-tear, degeneration, inflammation and arthritic changes. Inflammation and degenerative changes in the facet joints may result in pain, loss of motion, and if severe, pinching of the nerve exiting the spinal column.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of cervical facet syndrome include pain in the neck, pain, and tenderness, muscle spasms, loss of motion to the neck and discomfort when sitting for an extended period of time.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Brace
  • Facet joint injections

Cervical Herniated Disc

About

A disc herniation can occur when the outer walls of the intervertebral disc tear. When the outer annular rings tear, the gel-like nucleus pulposus leaks out pressing on the structures in the area including spinal nerves.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a cervical herniated disc include pain in the neck, sensory changes such as numbness or tingling, diminished reflexes in the upper extremity, muscle spasms and a loss of mobility.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Brace
  • Facet joint injections

Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease

About

Cervical degenerative disc disease can be broken up into three parts: dysfunction, instability, and destabilization. Aging is the most common cause of disc degeneration. In addition, cervical degenerative disc can be caused by a sudden fall, a disc herniation or peoples smoke or are obese.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms include patients with degenerative disc disease, chronic pain the neck, sensory changes in the neck, diminished reflexes, loss of motion and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Moist heat
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

Cervical Sprain

About

A cervical sprain is used to identify pain that sometimes occurs following an acute injury to the soft tissue of the neck, including ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a cervical sprain include pain in the neck, swelling in the neck, tenderness along the back of the neck, muscle spasms, stiffness moving the neck, headaches, and pain that radiates from the neck to the shoulder.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that produce the pain
  • Conservative treatment
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Physical therapy
  • Non-steroidal medication

Cervical Slipped Disc

About

A “slipped disc” occurs when the outer walls of the intervertebral discs are torn. A slipped disc usually occurs at the posterior lateral wall where the annulus fibrosus is thinnest.

Unfortunately, this is also where the nerves of the spine exist and track distally to the body. A slipped disc can be caused by repetitive bending and twisting motions, a sudden fall and repetitive stress injuries.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a slipped disc include patients with degenerative disc disease, chronic pain the neck, sensory changes in the neck, diminished reflexes, loss of motion and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Moist heat
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

Cervical Radiculopathy

About

Cervical radiculopathy is a term used to describe chronic conditions that injure the spinal nerves by compression or irritation. The irritation results in radicular symptoms distally from their origin.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms include patients with cervical radiculatopathy, chronic pain the neck, sensory changes in the neck, diminished reflexes, loss of motion and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Moist heat
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

Cervical Whiplash

About

Cervical whiplash is the term to describe the pain that happens following an acute injury to the soft tissue of the neck, including the ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

This type of injury is typically associated with a car accident in which the head and neck “whip” around.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of cervical whiplash include pain in the neck, swelling or redness in the neck, muscle spasms, stiffness or difficulty moving the neck, headaches, and pain that radiates from the neck to the shoulder to the arm.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Moist heat
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

Elbow

Biceps Tendinopathy

About

Bicep tendinopathy is a pain located in the upper arm. The condition can be caused when other injuries to the shoulder have occurred. Bicep tendinopathy can be caused by participating in athletic activities that strain the biceps, repetitive strain injuries and strain caused by an underlying condition.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of biceps tendinopathy include upper arm pain, pain or burning sensation during activities, weakness, feeling of tightness and swelling of the tendon.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Moist heat
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Cast
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

Elbow Arthritis

About

Elbow arthritis is the wearing, degeneration or deterioration of articular cartilage in a joint. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and traumatic arthritis.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of elbow arthritis include localized pain, loss of motion and a feeling of stiffness, swelling around the joint, crackling or crunching when moving the elbow and weakness of the elbow.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation
  • Movement

Elbow Bursitis/Olecranon Bursitis

About

Elbow bursitis is caused by the result of a repetitive injury to the bursa or the surrounding tendons. Common causes of bursitis include participating in athletic activities, repetitive strain injuries, “overload” injuries, and prolonged pressure from leaning on the elbow.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of elbow bursitis include pain or a burning sensation in the elbow, moderate to severe loss of range of motion, pain when moving the arms, weakness, tightness in the elbow and localized swelling or redness of the elbow.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that cause pain
  • A course of rest, ice, physical therapy and anti-steroidal medications is highly recommended

Tennis Elbow

About

Tennis elbow is a condition that is caused by the tendons in your elbow becoming overloaded, typically associated with repetitive motions of the wrist and arm. Tennis elbow occurs where the tendons of the forearm muscles attach to a bony bump on the outside of your elbow. Pain can spread to your forearm and wrist.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of tennis elbow include pain and weakness. It may be difficult to shake hands or grip an object, turn a doorknob or hold a coffee cup.

Treatment Options

  • Therapy
  • PRP injections
  • TENEX procedure
  • Minimally invasive surgery

Golf Elbow

About

Golf elbow is a condition that is caused by the tendons in your elbow becoming overloaded, typically associated with repetitive motions of the wrist and arm. Golf elbow occurs where the tendons of the forearm muscles attach to a bony bump on the outside of your elbow. Pain can spread to your forearm and wrist.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of golf elbow include pain and weakness. It may be difficult to shake hands or grip an object, turn a doorknob or hold a coffee cup.

Treatment Options

  • Therapy
  • PRP injections
  • TENEX procedure
  • Minimally invasive surgery

Hand

Wrist Arthritis

About

Wrist arthritis is the wearing, degeneration or less of articular cartilage in a joint. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and traumatic arthritis.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of wrist arthritis include localized pain, loss of motion and a feeling of stiffness, swelling around the joint, crackling or crunching when moving the hand and weakness of the hand.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation
  • Movement

Wrist Tendinitis

About

Tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around wrists and hands.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with wrist tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries

Hip

Hip Arthritis

About

Hip arthritis is the wearing or degeneration of the joint. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and traumatic arthritis.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of hip arthritis include localized pain, loss of motion and a feeling of stiffness, swelling around the joint, crackling or crunching when moving.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation
  • Movement

Hip Bursitis

About

Hip bursitis is caused by the result of repetitive injury to the bursa or the surrounding tendons. Common causes of bursitis include participating in athletic activities, repetitive strain injuries, “overload” injuries, or prolonged pressure.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of hip bursitis include pain or a burning sensation in the hip, moderate to severe loss of range of motion, pain when moving the arms, weakness, tightness in the hip and localized swelling or redness of the hip.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that cause pain
  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Physical therapy
  • Anti-steroidal medications is highly recommended

Knee

Knee Chondromalacia

About

Knee chondromalacia also known as “runners knee” is a condition where the skin under the kneecap softens and deteriorates. The condition is common in young athletes. It is typically caused by overuse in sports.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of knee chondromalacia include pain in the knee region and cracking/bending when extending the knee.

Treatment Options

  • Specialized physical therapy
  • Various minimally invasive surgeries

Knee ACL

About

One of the most common knee injuries is an anterior cruciate ligament sprain or tear. Athletes who participate in high demand sports like soccer, football, and basketball are more likely to injure their anterior cruciate ligaments. If you have injured your anterior cruciate ligament, you may require surgery to regain full function of your knee. This will depend on several factors, such as the severity of your injury and your activity level.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of a knee ACL include pain with swelling, loss of full range of motion, tenderness along the joint line and discomfort while walking.

Treatment Options

  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Bracing
  • Physical therapy

Knee Arthritis

About

Knee arthritis is the wearing, degeneration or less of articular cartilage in a joint. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and traumatic arthritis.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of knee arthritis include localized pain, loss of motion and a feeling of stiffness, swelling around the joint, crackling or crunching when moving the elbow and weakness of the knee.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation
  • Movement

Knee Bursitis

About

Knee bursitis is caused by the result of repetitive injury to the bursa or the surrounding tendons. Common causes of bursitis include, participating in athletic activities, repetitive strain injuries, “overload” injuries, or prolonged pressure.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of knee bursitis include pain or a burning sensation in the knee, moderate to severe loss of range of motion, pain when moving the legs, weakness, tightness in the and localized swelling or redness.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that cause pain
  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Physical therapy
  • Anti-steroidal medications is highly recommended

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

About

Even though many older people are more likely to have osteoarthritis of the knee it is still common in young athletes. Osteoarthritis of the knee is caused by injury or infection or even from being overweight.

Commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis, the natural cushioning between joints — cartilage — wears away. When this happens, the bones of the joints rub closely against one another with less of the shock-absorbing benefits of cartilage.

The rubbing can result in pain, swelling, stiffness, decreased the ability to move and, sometimes, the formation of bone spurs.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee can include, pain increasing when active, swelling, feeling warmth in joints, decrease in mobility of the knee, a creaky, cracking sound when the knee moves.

Treatment Options

  • Physical therapy
  • Exercise
  • Activity modification
  • Periodic rest

Knee MCL

About

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is located on the inner aspect, or part, of your knee, but it’s outside of the joint itself. Ligaments hold bones together and add stability and strength to a joint. his type of injury is common in contact sports. It’s usually the result of a hit or blow to the outer aspect of the knee, which stretches or tears the MCL. MCL injuries can be grades 1, 2, or 3.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of a knee MCL injury include a popping sound upon injury, pain and tenderness along the inner part of the knee, swelling of the knee joint, and locking or catching of the knee.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Physical therapy
  • Wearing a knee brace
  • Limiting activities that can cause further injury

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Knee

About

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can affect your knees and any other joint in your body. It’s an immune system disorder in which the body attacks itself, and especially the joints. Doctors don’t know exactly what causes it.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include pain, swelling, inflammation, stiffness, and warmth around the knees.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Exercise
  • Medication

Knee Tendinitis

About

Knee tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While knee tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around wrists and hands.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with wrist tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries

Knee Patellar Tendinitis

About

Patellar tendonitis is a common injury or inflammation of the tendon that connects your kneecap (patella) to your shinbone (tibia). Your pain may be mild or severe. Anyone can get patellar tendonitis. But it’s such a frequent injury to athletes, especially those who play volleyball and basketball, that it’s called jumper’s knee.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of knee patellar tendinitis include pain and tenderness, swelling or burning, and difficulty performing everyday tasks.

Treatment Options

  • Medication
  • Physical therapy

Lumbar/Low Back

Lumbar Bulging Disc

About

A lumbar bulging disc can occur as part of the aging process. If the bulge does put pressure on the nerves and surrounding soft tissue it can become symptomatic. It can be additionally caused by a sudden fall or trauma and genetic factors.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a lumbar bulging disc include, pain in the lumbar, pain and tenderness location in the lower back, muscles spasms and changes in posture, a loss of motion, loss of normal cervical curvature and localized swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • A specially designed exercise regiment
  • A neck collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Facet joint injections
  • Physical therapy

Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease

About

A lumbar degenerative disc disease can be broken up into three parts: dysfunction, instability and restabilization. Aging is the most common cause of disc degeneration. In addition, lumbar degenerative disc can be caused by a sudden fall, a disc herniation or peoples smoke or are obese.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms include patients with lumbar degenerative disc disease, chronic pain the lower back, sensory changes in the lumbar, diminished reflexes, loss of motion and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

Lumbar Facet Syndrome

About

Facet joint irritation is a common cause of lower back pain. Like synovial joints, facet joints are susceptible to wear-and-tear, degeneration, inflammation and arthritic changes. Inflammation and degenerative changes to the facet joints may result in pain, loss of motion, and if severe, pinching of the nerve exiting the spinal column.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of lumbar facet syndrome include pain in the lower back, pain, and tenderness, muscle spasms, loss of motion to the neck and discomfort when sitting for an extended period of time.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • A specialized exercise regiment
  • The use of a brace
  • Facet joint injections

Lumbar Herniated Disc

About

A disc herniation can occur when the outer walls of the intervertebral disc tear. When the outer annular rings tear, the gel like nucleus pulposus leaks out pressing on the structures in the area including spinal nerves.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a lumbar herniated disc include pain in the neck, sensory changes such as numbness or tingling, diminished reflexes in the upper extremity, muscle spasms and a loss of mobility.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • A specialized exercise regiment
  • The use of a brace
  • Facet joint injections

Lumbar Muscle Spasm

About

Back spasms can be the result of injuries to the muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the back or it can be related to more serious medical conditions. Heavy lifting is a common cause of back spasms.

Any activity that puts excessive strain on the muscles and ligaments in the lower back can cause an injury. Sports like football and golf can lead to back spasms because they demand that the back turn suddenly and repeatedly. Your back muscles may be more vulnerable if you have weak abdominal muscles, as they help support the back.

Weak or stiff muscles in the back itself can be injured more easily than muscles that are stronger and more limber. Back spasms may occur if you have arthritis or a ruptured disk in your spine.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of a lumbar muscle spasm include fatigue, dehydration and pain.

Treatment Options

  • Applying ice and heat
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Cortisone injections
  • Physical therapy

Lumbar Radiculopathy

About

Lumbar radiculopathy is a pain located in the lumbar. The condition can be caused when other injuries to the lumbar have occured. Lumbar radiculopathy can be caused by participating in athletic activities that strain the biceps, repetitive strain injuries and strain caused by an underlying condition.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of lumbar tendinopathy include lower back pain, pain or burning sensation during activities, weakness, feeling of tightness and swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

Lumbar Slipped Disc

About

A “slipped disc” occurs when the outer walls of the intervertebral discs are torn. A slipped disc usually occurs at the posterior lateral wall where the annulus fibrosus is thinnest.

Unfortunately, this is also where the nerves of the spine exist and track distally to the body. A slipped disc can be caused by repetitive bending and twisting motions, a sudden fall and repetitive stress injuries.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms include patients with degenerative disc disease, chronic pain the lower back, sensory changes in the neck, diminished reflexes, loss of motion and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

Lumbar Sprain

About

A lumbar sprain is used to identify the pain that sometimes occurs following an acute injury to the soft tissue of the lumbar, including ligaments, tendons and muscles.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a lumbar sprain can include pain in the neck, swelling in the lumbar, tenderness along the back of the neck, muscle spasms, stiffness moving the lumbar, headaches and pain that radiates from the neck to the shoulder.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that produce the pain
  • Conservative treatment
  • Ice
  • Physical therapy
  • Non-steroidal medication

Sciatica

About

If you suddenly start feeling pain in your lower back or hip that radiates to the back of your thigh and into your leg, you may have a protruding (herniated) disk in your spinal column that is pressing on the nerve roots in the lumbar spine. This condition is known as sciatica.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of sciatica include, pain when moving, sneeze, or coughing, pins and needles, or a burning sensation down your leg.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Heat/cold compresses
  • Muscle relaxants

Shoulder

Adhesive Capsulitis/Frozen Shoulder Syndrome

About

Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition characterized by stiffness and pain in your shoulder joint.

Signs and symptoms typically begin gradually, worsen over time and then resolve, usually within one to three years. Your risk of developing frozen shoulder increases if you're recovering from a medical condition or procedure that prevents you from moving your arms — such as a stroke or a mastectomy.

Signs & Symptoms

Frozen shoulder syndrome symptoms take three phases. The first phase is the freezing stage where your shoulder is in pain, but the motion is not limited. The second stage is the frozen stage when the pain begins to diminish and using your shoulder becomes more difficult. The third stage is when your shoulder begins to improve.

Treatment Options

  • Medication
  • Therapy

Biceps Tendinitis

About

Bicep tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around bicep and shoulder.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with biceps tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries

Glenohumeral/Shoulder Arthritis

About

Shoulder arthritis is the wearing, degeneration or less of articular cartilage in a joint. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and traumatic arthritis.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of shoulder arthritis include localized pain, loss of motion and a feeling of stiffness, swelling around the shoulder, crackling or crunching when moving the shoulder and weakness of the shoulder.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation
  • Movement

Impingement Syndrome

About

One of the most common physical complaints is shoulder pain. Your shoulder is made up of several joints combined with tendons and muscles that allow a great range of motion in your arm.

When you raise your arm to shoulder height, the space between the acromion and rotator cuff narrows. The acromion can rub against (or "impinge" on) the tendon and the bursa, causing irritation and pain.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms may include, minor pain that is present both with activity and at rest, pain radiating from the front of the shoulder to the side of the arm, sudden pain with lifting and reaching movements, athletes in overhead sports may have pain when throwing or serving a tennis ball, pain at night, loss of strength and motion and difficulty doing activities that place the arm behind the back, such as buttoning or zippering.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Physical therapy
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Minimally invasive injections

Rotator Cuff Tendinitis

About

Rotator cuff tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around wrists and hands.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with rotator cuff tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries

Shoulder Bursitis

About

Shoulder bursitis is caused by the result of repetitive injury to the bursa or the surrounding tendons. Common causes of bursitis include, participating in athletic activities, repetitive strain injuries, “overload” injuries, and prolonged pressure from leading on the shoulder.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of shoulder bursitis include pain or a burning sensation in the knee, moderate to severe loss of range of motion, pain when moving the arms, weakness, tightness in the elbow and localized swelling or redness of the shoulder.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that cause pain
  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Physical therapy
  • Anti-steroidal medications is highly recommended

Shoulder Instability

About

The shoulder is the most movable joint in your body. It helps you to lift your arm, to rotate it, and to reach up over your head. It is able to turn in many directions. This greater range of motion, however, can cause instability. Shoulder instability occurs when the head of the upper arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket. This can happen as a result of a sudden injury or from overuse. Once a shoulder has dislocated, it is vulnerable to repeat episodes. When the shoulder is loose and slips out of place repeatedly, it is called chronic shoulder instability.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of chronic shoulder instability include, pain caused by shoulder injury, repeated shoulder dislocations, repeated instances of the shoulder giving out and persistent sensation of the shoulder feeling loose, slipping in and out of the joint, or just "hanging there".

Treatment Options

  • Activity modification
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Physical therapy

Shoulder Separation

About

A shoulder separation is not truly an injury to the shoulder joint. The injury actually involves the acromioclavicular joint (also called the AC joint). The AC joint is where the collarbone (clavicle) meets the highest point of the shoulder blade (acromion).

Signs & Symptoms

The most common cause for a separation of the AC joint is from a fall directly onto the shoulder. The fall injures the ligaments that surround and stabilize the AC joint. If the force is severe enough, the ligaments attaching to the underside of the clavicle are torn. This causes the "separation" of the collarbone and wingbone. The wingbone actually moves downward from the weight of the arm.

Treatment Options

  • A sling
  • Cold packs
  • Minimally invasive surgery

Shoulder Subluxation

About

The shoulder joint is the body's most mobile joint. It can turn in many directions. But, this advantage also makes the shoulder an easy joint to dislocate. A partial dislocation (subluxation) means the head of the upper arm bone (humerus) is partially out of the socket (glenoid). A complete dislocation means it is all the way out of the socket. Both partial and complete dislocation cause pain and unsteadiness in the shoulder.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of a shoulder subluxation include, swelling, numbness, weakness, and bruising.

Treatment Options

  • Closed reducation surgery

Shoulder Tendinitis

About

Shoulder tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around wrists and hands.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with shoulder tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries

Thoracic/Mid Back

Thoracic Radiculopathy

About

Thoracic radiculopathy is a pain located in the mid back. The condition can be caused when other injuries to the mid back have occured. Thoracic radiculopathy can be caused by participating in athletic activities that strain the biceps, repetitive strain injuries and strain caused by an underlying condition.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of thoracic radiculopathy include lower back pain, pain or burning sensation during activities, weakness, feeling of tightness and swelling of the tendon.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A brace
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

Thoracic Bulging Disc

About

A thoracic bulging disc can occur as part of the aging process. If the bulge does put pressure on the nerves and surrounding soft tissue it can become symptomatic. It can be additionally caused by a sudden fall or trauma and genetic factors.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a bulging disc include, pain in the neck, pain and tenderness location in the neck area, muscles spasms and changes in posture, a loss of motion, loss of normal cervical curvature and localized swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A brace
  • Steroidal medication
  • Facet joint injections
  • Physical therapy

Thoracic Degenerative Disc Disease

About

Thoracic degenerative disc disease can be broken up into three parts: dysfunction, instability and restabilization. Aging is the most common cause of disc degeneration. In addition, thoracic degenerative disc can be caused by a sudden fall, a disc herniation or peoples smoke or are obese.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of thoracic degenerative disc disease include chronic pain in the lower back, sensory changes in the lumbar, diminished reflexes, loss of motion and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A brace
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

Thoracic Degenerative Joint Disease

About

Degenerative joint disease is a common cause of lower back pain. Lumbar facet joints, like synovial joints, are susceptible to damage, degeneration, inflammation and arthritic changes. Changes in the facet can result in pain, loss of motion, irritation of the nerve if the joint and a pinching of the nerve exiting the spinal column.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of degenerative joint disease include, pain in the lower back, pain and tenderness location in the lumbar area, muscles spasms and changes in posture, a loss of motion, loss of normal cervical curvature and localized swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • A specially designed exercise regiment
  • A neck collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Facet joint injections
  • Physical therapy

Thoracic Facet Syndrome

About

Facet joint irritation is a common cause of thoracic pain. Like synovial joints, facet joints are susceptible to wear-and-tear, degeneration, inflammation and arthritic changes. Inflammation and degenerative changes to the facet joints may result in pain, loss of motion, and if severe, pinching of the nerve exiting the spinal column.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of thoracic facet syndrome include pain in the mid back, pain and tenderness, muscle spasms, loss of motion to the neck and uncomfort when sitting for an extended period of time.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • A specially designed exercise regiment
  • The use of a brace
  • Facet joint injections

Thoracic Herniated Disc

About

A disc herniation can occur when the outer walls of the intervertebral disc tear. When the outer annular rings tear, the gel like nucleus pulposus leaks out pressing on the structures in the area including spinal nerves.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a thoracic herniated disc include pain in the neck, sensory changes such as numbness or tingling, diminished reflexes in the upper extremity, muscle spasms, and a loss of mobility.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • A specialized exercise regiment
  • The use of a brace
  • Facet joint injections

Thoracic Slipped Disc

About

A “slipped disc” occurs when the outer walls of the intervertebral discs are torn. A slipped disc usually occurs at the posterior lateral wall where the annulus fibrosus is thinnest.

Unfortunately, this is also where the nerves of the spine exist and track distally to the body. A slipped disc can be caused by repetitive bending and twisting motions, a sudden fall and repetitive stress injuries.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of thoracic slipped disc include, chronic pain in the neck, sensory changes in the neck, diminished reflexes, loss of motion, and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

Thoracic Sprain

About

A thoracic sprain is used to identify the pain that sometimes occurs following an acute injury to the soft tissue of the mid back, including ligaments, tendons and muscles.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a thoracic sprain can include pain in the mid back, swelling in the neck, tenderness along the back of the neck, muscle spasms, stiffness moving the neck, headaches and pain that radiates from the neck to the shoulder.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that produce the pain
  • Conservative treatment
  • Ice
  • Physical therapy
  • Non-steroidal medication

  • Cervical Bulging Disc
  • Cervical Degenerative Joint Disease
  • Cervical Facet Syndrome
  • Cervical Herniated Disc
  • Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Cervical Sprain
  • Cervical Slipped Disc
  • Cervical Radiculopathy
  • Cervical Whiplash
  • Biceps Tendinopathy
  • Elbow Arthritis
  • Elbow Bursitis/Olecranon Bursitis
  • Tennis Elbow
  • Golf Elbow
  • Wrist Arthritis
  • Wrist Tendinitis
  • Hip Arthritis
  • Hip Bursitis
  • Knee Chondromalacia
  • Knee ACL
  • Knee Arthritis
  • Knee Bursitis
  • Osteoarthritis of the Knee
  • Knee MCL
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Knee
  • Knee Tendinitis
  • Knee Patellar Tendinitis
  • Lumbar Bulging Disc
  • Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Lumbar Facet Syndrome
  • Lumbar Herniated Disc
  • Lumbar Muscle Spasm
  • Lumbar Radiculopathy
  • Lumbar Slipped Disc
  • Lumbar Sprain
  • Sciatica
  • Adhesive Capsulitis/Frozen Shoulder Syndrome
  • Biceps Tendinitis
  • Glenohumeral/Shoulder Arthritis
  • Impingement Syndrome
  • Rotator Cuff Tendinitis
  • Shoulder Bursitis
  • Shoulder Instability
  • Shoulder Separation
  • Shoulder Subluxation
  • Shoulder Tendinitis
  • Thoracic Radiculopathy
  • Thoracic Bulging Disc
  • Thoracic Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Thoracic Degenerative Joint Disease
  • Thoracic Facet Syndrome
  • Thoracic Herniated Disc
  • Thoracic Slipped Disc
  • Thoracic Sprain

About

A cervical bulging disc can occur as part of the aging process. If the bulge puts pressure on the nerves and surrounding soft tissue it can become symptomatic. It can be additionally caused by a sudden fall or trauma and genetic factors.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a cervical bulging disc include, pain, numbness, weakness, tingling, or muscle spasms or cramping.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Neck collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Facet joint injections
  • Physical therapy

About

Cervical degenerative joint disease is a common cause of cervical neck pain. Cervical facet joints, like synovial joints, are susceptible to damage, degeneration, inflammation and arthritic changes. Changes in the facet can result in pain, loss of motion, irritation of the nerve if the joint and a pinching of the nerve exiting the spinal column.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of cervical degenerative joint disease include pain in the neck, pain and tenderness location in the neck area, muscles spasms and changes in posture, a loss of motion, loss of normal cervical curvature and localized swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Neck collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Facet joint injections
  • Physical therapy

About

Facet joint irritation is a common cause of neck pain. Like synovial joints, facet joints are susceptible to wear-and-tear, degeneration, inflammation and arthritic changes. Inflammation and degenerative changes in the facet joints may result in pain, loss of motion, and if severe, pinching of the nerve exiting the spinal column.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of cervical facet syndrome include pain in the neck, pain, and tenderness, muscle spasms, loss of motion to the neck and discomfort when sitting for an extended period of time.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Brace
  • Facet joint injections

About

A disc herniation can occur when the outer walls of the intervertebral disc tear. When the outer annular rings tear, the gel-like nucleus pulposus leaks out pressing on the structures in the area including spinal nerves.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a cervical herniated disc include pain in the neck, sensory changes such as numbness or tingling, diminished reflexes in the upper extremity, muscle spasms and a loss of mobility.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Brace
  • Facet joint injections

About

Cervical degenerative disc disease can be broken up into three parts: dysfunction, instability, and destabilization. Aging is the most common cause of disc degeneration. In addition, cervical degenerative disc can be caused by a sudden fall, a disc herniation or peoples smoke or are obese.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms include patients with degenerative disc disease, chronic pain the neck, sensory changes in the neck, diminished reflexes, loss of motion and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Moist heat
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

About

A cervical sprain is used to identify pain that sometimes occurs following an acute injury to the soft tissue of the neck, including ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a cervical sprain include pain in the neck, swelling in the neck, tenderness along the back of the neck, muscle spasms, stiffness moving the neck, headaches, and pain that radiates from the neck to the shoulder.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that produce the pain
  • Conservative treatment
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Physical therapy
  • Non-steroidal medication

About

A “slipped disc” occurs when the outer walls of the intervertebral discs are torn. A slipped disc usually occurs at the posterior lateral wall where the annulus fibrosus is thinnest.

Unfortunately, this is also where the nerves of the spine exist and track distally to the body. A slipped disc can be caused by repetitive bending and twisting motions, a sudden fall and repetitive stress injuries.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a slipped disc include patients with degenerative disc disease, chronic pain the neck, sensory changes in the neck, diminished reflexes, loss of motion and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Moist heat
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

About

Cervical radiculopathy is a term used to describe chronic conditions that injure the spinal nerves by compression or irritation. The irritation results in radicular symptoms distally from their origin.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms include patients with cervical radiculatopathy, chronic pain the neck, sensory changes in the neck, diminished reflexes, loss of motion and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Moist heat
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

About

Cervical whiplash is the term to describe the pain that happens following an acute injury to the soft tissue of the neck, including the ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

This type of injury is typically associated with a car accident in which the head and neck “whip” around.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of cervical whiplash include pain in the neck, swelling or redness in the neck, muscle spasms, stiffness or difficulty moving the neck, headaches, and pain that radiates from the neck to the shoulder to the arm.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Moist heat
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

About

Bicep tendinopathy is a pain located in the upper arm. The condition can be caused when other injuries to the shoulder have occurred. Bicep tendinopathy can be caused by participating in athletic activities that strain the biceps, repetitive strain injuries and strain caused by an underlying condition.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of biceps tendinopathy include upper arm pain, pain or burning sensation during activities, weakness, feeling of tightness and swelling of the tendon.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice in pain areas
  • Moist heat
  • Specially designed exercise regiment
  • Cast
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

About

Elbow arthritis is the wearing, degeneration or deterioration of articular cartilage in a joint. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and traumatic arthritis.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of elbow arthritis include localized pain, loss of motion and a feeling of stiffness, swelling around the joint, crackling or crunching when moving the elbow and weakness of the elbow.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation
  • Movement

About

Elbow bursitis is caused by the result of a repetitive injury to the bursa or the surrounding tendons. Common causes of bursitis include participating in athletic activities, repetitive strain injuries, “overload” injuries, and prolonged pressure from leaning on the elbow.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of elbow bursitis include pain or a burning sensation in the elbow, moderate to severe loss of range of motion, pain when moving the arms, weakness, tightness in the elbow and localized swelling or redness of the elbow.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that cause pain
  • A course of rest, ice, physical therapy and anti-steroidal medications is highly recommended

About

Tennis elbow is a condition that is caused by the tendons in your elbow becoming overloaded, typically associated with repetitive motions of the wrist and arm. Tennis elbow occurs where the tendons of the forearm muscles attach to a bony bump on the outside of your elbow. Pain can spread to your forearm and wrist.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of tennis elbow include pain and weakness. It may be difficult to shake hands or grip an object, turn a doorknob or hold a coffee cup.

Treatment Options

  • Therapy
  • PRP injections
  • TENEX procedure
  • Minimally invasive surgery

About

Golf elbow is a condition that is caused by the tendons in your elbow becoming overloaded, typically associated with repetitive motions of the wrist and arm. Golf elbow occurs where the tendons of the forearm muscles attach to a bony bump on the outside of your elbow. Pain can spread to your forearm and wrist.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of golf elbow include pain and weakness. It may be difficult to shake hands or grip an object, turn a doorknob or hold a coffee cup.

Treatment Options

  • Therapy
  • PRP injections
  • TENEX procedure
  • Minimally invasive surgery

About

Wrist arthritis is the wearing, degeneration or less of articular cartilage in a joint. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and traumatic arthritis.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of wrist arthritis include localized pain, loss of motion and a feeling of stiffness, swelling around the joint, crackling or crunching when moving the hand and weakness of the hand.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation
  • Movement

About

Tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around wrists and hands.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with wrist tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries

About

Hip arthritis is the wearing or degeneration of the joint. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and traumatic arthritis.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of hip arthritis include localized pain, loss of motion and a feeling of stiffness, swelling around the joint, crackling or crunching when moving.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation
  • Movement

About

Hip bursitis is caused by the result of repetitive injury to the bursa or the surrounding tendons. Common causes of bursitis include participating in athletic activities, repetitive strain injuries, “overload” injuries, or prolonged pressure.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of hip bursitis include pain or a burning sensation in the hip, moderate to severe loss of range of motion, pain when moving the arms, weakness, tightness in the hip and localized swelling or redness of the hip.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that cause pain
  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Physical therapy
  • Anti-steroidal medications is highly recommended

About

Knee chondromalacia also known as “runners knee” is a condition where the skin under the kneecap softens and deteriorates. The condition is common in young athletes. It is typically caused by overuse in sports.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of knee chondromalacia include pain in the knee region and cracking/bending when extending the knee.

Treatment Options

  • Specialized physical therapy
  • Various minimally invasive surgeries

About

One of the most common knee injuries is an anterior cruciate ligament sprain or tear. Athletes who participate in high demand sports like soccer, football, and basketball are more likely to injure their anterior cruciate ligaments. If you have injured your anterior cruciate ligament, you may require surgery to regain full function of your knee. This will depend on several factors, such as the severity of your injury and your activity level.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of a knee ACL include pain with swelling, loss of full range of motion, tenderness along the joint line and discomfort while walking.

Treatment Options

  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Bracing
  • Physical therapy

About

Knee arthritis is the wearing, degeneration or less of articular cartilage in a joint. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and traumatic arthritis.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of knee arthritis include localized pain, loss of motion and a feeling of stiffness, swelling around the joint, crackling or crunching when moving the elbow and weakness of the knee.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation
  • Movement

About

Knee bursitis is caused by the result of repetitive injury to the bursa or the surrounding tendons. Common causes of bursitis include, participating in athletic activities, repetitive strain injuries, “overload” injuries, or prolonged pressure.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of knee bursitis include pain or a burning sensation in the knee, moderate to severe loss of range of motion, pain when moving the legs, weakness, tightness in the and localized swelling or redness.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that cause pain
  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Physical therapy
  • Anti-steroidal medications is highly recommended

About

Even though many older people are more likely to have osteoarthritis of the knee it is still common in young athletes. Osteoarthritis of the knee is caused by injury or infection or even from being overweight.

Commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis, the natural cushioning between joints — cartilage — wears away. When this happens, the bones of the joints rub closely against one another with less of the shock-absorbing benefits of cartilage.

The rubbing can result in pain, swelling, stiffness, decreased the ability to move and, sometimes, the formation of bone spurs.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee can include, pain increasing when active, swelling, feeling warmth in joints, decrease in mobility of the knee, a creaky, cracking sound when the knee moves.

Treatment Options

  • Physical therapy
  • Exercise
  • Activity modification
  • Periodic rest

About

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is located on the inner aspect, or part, of your knee, but it’s outside of the joint itself. Ligaments hold bones together and add stability and strength to a joint. his type of injury is common in contact sports. It’s usually the result of a hit or blow to the outer aspect of the knee, which stretches or tears the MCL. MCL injuries can be grades 1, 2, or 3.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of a knee MCL injury include a popping sound upon injury, pain and tenderness along the inner part of the knee, swelling of the knee joint, and locking or catching of the knee.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Physical therapy
  • Wearing a knee brace
  • Limiting activities that can cause further injury

About

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can affect your knees and any other joint in your body. It’s an immune system disorder in which the body attacks itself, and especially the joints. Doctors don’t know exactly what causes it.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include pain, swelling, inflammation, stiffness, and warmth around the knees.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Exercise
  • Medication

About

Knee tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While knee tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around wrists and hands.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with wrist tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries

About

Patellar tendonitis is a common injury or inflammation of the tendon that connects your kneecap (patella) to your shinbone (tibia). Your pain may be mild or severe. Anyone can get patellar tendonitis. But it’s such a frequent injury to athletes, especially those who play volleyball and basketball, that it’s called jumper’s knee.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of knee patellar tendinitis include pain and tenderness, swelling or burning, and difficulty performing everyday tasks.

Treatment Options

  • Medication
  • Physical therapy

About

A lumbar bulging disc can occur as part of the aging process. If the bulge does put pressure on the nerves and surrounding soft tissue it can become symptomatic. It can be additionally caused by a sudden fall or trauma and genetic factors.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a lumbar bulging disc include, pain in the lumbar, pain and tenderness location in the lower back, muscles spasms and changes in posture, a loss of motion, loss of normal cervical curvature and localized swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • A specially designed exercise regiment
  • A neck collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Facet joint injections
  • Physical therapy

About

A lumbar degenerative disc disease can be broken up into three parts: dysfunction, instability and restabilization. Aging is the most common cause of disc degeneration. In addition, lumbar degenerative disc can be caused by a sudden fall, a disc herniation or peoples smoke or are obese.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms include patients with lumbar degenerative disc disease, chronic pain the lower back, sensory changes in the lumbar, diminished reflexes, loss of motion and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

About

Facet joint irritation is a common cause of lower back pain. Like synovial joints, facet joints are susceptible to wear-and-tear, degeneration, inflammation and arthritic changes. Inflammation and degenerative changes to the facet joints may result in pain, loss of motion, and if severe, pinching of the nerve exiting the spinal column.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of lumbar facet syndrome include pain in the lower back, pain, and tenderness, muscle spasms, loss of motion to the neck and discomfort when sitting for an extended period of time.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • A specialized exercise regiment
  • The use of a brace
  • Facet joint injections

About

A disc herniation can occur when the outer walls of the intervertebral disc tear. When the outer annular rings tear, the gel like nucleus pulposus leaks out pressing on the structures in the area including spinal nerves.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a lumbar herniated disc include pain in the neck, sensory changes such as numbness or tingling, diminished reflexes in the upper extremity, muscle spasms and a loss of mobility.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • A specialized exercise regiment
  • The use of a brace
  • Facet joint injections

About

Back spasms can be the result of injuries to the muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the back or it can be related to more serious medical conditions. Heavy lifting is a common cause of back spasms.

Any activity that puts excessive strain on the muscles and ligaments in the lower back can cause an injury. Sports like football and golf can lead to back spasms because they demand that the back turn suddenly and repeatedly. Your back muscles may be more vulnerable if you have weak abdominal muscles, as they help support the back.

Weak or stiff muscles in the back itself can be injured more easily than muscles that are stronger and more limber. Back spasms may occur if you have arthritis or a ruptured disk in your spine.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of a lumbar muscle spasm include fatigue, dehydration and pain.

Treatment Options

  • Applying ice and heat
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Cortisone injections
  • Physical therapy

About

Lumbar radiculopathy is a pain located in the lumbar. The condition can be caused when other injuries to the lumbar have occured. Lumbar radiculopathy can be caused by participating in athletic activities that strain the biceps, repetitive strain injuries and strain caused by an underlying condition.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of lumbar tendinopathy include lower back pain, pain or burning sensation during activities, weakness, feeling of tightness and swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

About

A “slipped disc” occurs when the outer walls of the intervertebral discs are torn. A slipped disc usually occurs at the posterior lateral wall where the annulus fibrosus is thinnest.

Unfortunately, this is also where the nerves of the spine exist and track distally to the body. A slipped disc can be caused by repetitive bending and twisting motions, a sudden fall and repetitive stress injuries.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms include patients with degenerative disc disease, chronic pain the lower back, sensory changes in the neck, diminished reflexes, loss of motion and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

About

A lumbar sprain is used to identify the pain that sometimes occurs following an acute injury to the soft tissue of the lumbar, including ligaments, tendons and muscles.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a lumbar sprain can include pain in the neck, swelling in the lumbar, tenderness along the back of the neck, muscle spasms, stiffness moving the lumbar, headaches and pain that radiates from the neck to the shoulder.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that produce the pain
  • Conservative treatment
  • Ice
  • Physical therapy
  • Non-steroidal medication

About

If you suddenly start feeling pain in your lower back or hip that radiates to the back of your thigh and into your leg, you may have a protruding (herniated) disk in your spinal column that is pressing on the nerve roots in the lumbar spine. This condition is known as sciatica.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of sciatica include, pain when moving, sneeze, or coughing, pins and needles, or a burning sensation down your leg.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Heat/cold compresses
  • Muscle relaxants

About

Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition characterized by stiffness and pain in your shoulder joint.

Signs and symptoms typically begin gradually, worsen over time and then resolve, usually within one to three years. Your risk of developing frozen shoulder increases if you're recovering from a medical condition or procedure that prevents you from moving your arms — such as a stroke or a mastectomy.

Signs & Symptoms

Frozen shoulder syndrome symptoms take three phases. The first phase is the freezing stage where your shoulder is in pain, but the motion is not limited. The second stage is the frozen stage when the pain begins to diminish and using your shoulder becomes more difficult. The third stage is when your shoulder begins to improve.

Treatment Options

  • Medication
  • Therapy

About

Bicep tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around bicep and shoulder.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with biceps tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries

About

Shoulder arthritis is the wearing, degeneration or less of articular cartilage in a joint. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and traumatic arthritis.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of shoulder arthritis include localized pain, loss of motion and a feeling of stiffness, swelling around the shoulder, crackling or crunching when moving the shoulder and weakness of the shoulder.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation
  • Movement

About

One of the most common physical complaints is shoulder pain. Your shoulder is made up of several joints combined with tendons and muscles that allow a great range of motion in your arm.

When you raise your arm to shoulder height, the space between the acromion and rotator cuff narrows. The acromion can rub against (or "impinge" on) the tendon and the bursa, causing irritation and pain.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms may include, minor pain that is present both with activity and at rest, pain radiating from the front of the shoulder to the side of the arm, sudden pain with lifting and reaching movements, athletes in overhead sports may have pain when throwing or serving a tennis ball, pain at night, loss of strength and motion and difficulty doing activities that place the arm behind the back, such as buttoning or zippering.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Physical therapy
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Minimally invasive injections

About

Rotator cuff tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around wrists and hands.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with rotator cuff tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries

About

Shoulder bursitis is caused by the result of repetitive injury to the bursa or the surrounding tendons. Common causes of bursitis include, participating in athletic activities, repetitive strain injuries, “overload” injuries, and prolonged pressure from leading on the shoulder.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of shoulder bursitis include pain or a burning sensation in the knee, moderate to severe loss of range of motion, pain when moving the arms, weakness, tightness in the elbow and localized swelling or redness of the shoulder.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that cause pain
  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Physical therapy
  • Anti-steroidal medications is highly recommended

About

The shoulder is the most movable joint in your body. It helps you to lift your arm, to rotate it, and to reach up over your head. It is able to turn in many directions. This greater range of motion, however, can cause instability. Shoulder instability occurs when the head of the upper arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket. This can happen as a result of a sudden injury or from overuse. Once a shoulder has dislocated, it is vulnerable to repeat episodes. When the shoulder is loose and slips out of place repeatedly, it is called chronic shoulder instability.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of chronic shoulder instability include, pain caused by shoulder injury, repeated shoulder dislocations, repeated instances of the shoulder giving out and persistent sensation of the shoulder feeling loose, slipping in and out of the joint, or just "hanging there".

Treatment Options

  • Activity modification
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Physical therapy

About

A shoulder separation is not truly an injury to the shoulder joint. The injury actually involves the acromioclavicular joint (also called the AC joint). The AC joint is where the collarbone (clavicle) meets the highest point of the shoulder blade (acromion).

Signs & Symptoms

The most common cause for a separation of the AC joint is from a fall directly onto the shoulder. The fall injures the ligaments that surround and stabilize the AC joint. If the force is severe enough, the ligaments attaching to the underside of the clavicle are torn. This causes the "separation" of the collarbone and wingbone. The wingbone actually moves downward from the weight of the arm.

Treatment Options

  • A sling
  • Cold packs
  • Minimally invasive surgery

About

The shoulder joint is the body's most mobile joint. It can turn in many directions. But, this advantage also makes the shoulder an easy joint to dislocate. A partial dislocation (subluxation) means the head of the upper arm bone (humerus) is partially out of the socket (glenoid). A complete dislocation means it is all the way out of the socket. Both partial and complete dislocation cause pain and unsteadiness in the shoulder.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of a shoulder subluxation include, swelling, numbness, weakness, and bruising.

Treatment Options

  • Closed reducation surgery

About

Shoulder tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around wrists and hands.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with shoulder tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries

About

Thoracic radiculopathy is a pain located in the mid back. The condition can be caused when other injuries to the mid back have occured. Thoracic radiculopathy can be caused by participating in athletic activities that strain the biceps, repetitive strain injuries and strain caused by an underlying condition.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of thoracic radiculopathy include lower back pain, pain or burning sensation during activities, weakness, feeling of tightness and swelling of the tendon.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A brace
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

About

A thoracic bulging disc can occur as part of the aging process. If the bulge does put pressure on the nerves and surrounding soft tissue it can become symptomatic. It can be additionally caused by a sudden fall or trauma and genetic factors.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a bulging disc include, pain in the neck, pain and tenderness location in the neck area, muscles spasms and changes in posture, a loss of motion, loss of normal cervical curvature and localized swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A brace
  • Steroidal medication
  • Facet joint injections
  • Physical therapy

About

Thoracic degenerative disc disease can be broken up into three parts: dysfunction, instability and restabilization. Aging is the most common cause of disc degeneration. In addition, thoracic degenerative disc can be caused by a sudden fall, a disc herniation or peoples smoke or are obese.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of thoracic degenerative disc disease include chronic pain in the lower back, sensory changes in the lumbar, diminished reflexes, loss of motion and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A brace
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

About

Degenerative joint disease is a common cause of lower back pain. Lumbar facet joints, like synovial joints, are susceptible to damage, degeneration, inflammation and arthritic changes. Changes in the facet can result in pain, loss of motion, irritation of the nerve if the joint and a pinching of the nerve exiting the spinal column.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of degenerative joint disease include, pain in the lower back, pain and tenderness location in the lumbar area, muscles spasms and changes in posture, a loss of motion, loss of normal cervical curvature and localized swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • A specially designed exercise regiment
  • A neck collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Facet joint injections
  • Physical therapy

About

Facet joint irritation is a common cause of thoracic pain. Like synovial joints, facet joints are susceptible to wear-and-tear, degeneration, inflammation and arthritic changes. Inflammation and degenerative changes to the facet joints may result in pain, loss of motion, and if severe, pinching of the nerve exiting the spinal column.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of thoracic facet syndrome include pain in the mid back, pain and tenderness, muscle spasms, loss of motion to the neck and uncomfort when sitting for an extended period of time.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • A specially designed exercise regiment
  • The use of a brace
  • Facet joint injections

About

A disc herniation can occur when the outer walls of the intervertebral disc tear. When the outer annular rings tear, the gel like nucleus pulposus leaks out pressing on the structures in the area including spinal nerves.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a thoracic herniated disc include pain in the neck, sensory changes such as numbness or tingling, diminished reflexes in the upper extremity, muscle spasms, and a loss of mobility.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • A specialized exercise regiment
  • The use of a brace
  • Facet joint injections

About

A “slipped disc” occurs when the outer walls of the intervertebral discs are torn. A slipped disc usually occurs at the posterior lateral wall where the annulus fibrosus is thinnest.

Unfortunately, this is also where the nerves of the spine exist and track distally to the body. A slipped disc can be caused by repetitive bending and twisting motions, a sudden fall and repetitive stress injuries.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of thoracic slipped disc include, chronic pain in the neck, sensory changes in the neck, diminished reflexes, loss of motion, and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

About

A thoracic sprain is used to identify the pain that sometimes occurs following an acute injury to the soft tissue of the mid back, including ligaments, tendons and muscles.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a thoracic sprain can include pain in the mid back, swelling in the neck, tenderness along the back of the neck, muscle spasms, stiffness moving the neck, headaches and pain that radiates from the neck to the shoulder.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that produce the pain
  • Conservative treatment
  • Ice
  • Physical therapy
  • Non-steroidal medication