Knee Chondromalacia

About

Knee chondromalacia also known as “runners knee” is a condition where the skin under the kneecap softens and deteriorates. The condition is common in young athletes. It is typically caused by overuse in sports.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of knee chondromalacia include pain in the knee region and cracking/bending when extending the knee.

Treatment Options

  • Specialized physical therapy
  • Various minimally invasive surgeries

Knee ACL

About

One of the most common knee injuries is an anterior cruciate ligament sprain or tear. Athletes who participate in high demand sports like soccer, football, and basketball are more likely to injure their anterior cruciate ligaments. If you have injured your anterior cruciate ligament, you may require surgery to regain full function of your knee. This will depend on several factors, such as the severity of your injury and your activity level.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of a knee ACL include pain with swelling, loss of full range of motion, tenderness along the joint line and discomfort while walking.

Treatment Options

  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Bracing
  • Physical therapy

Knee Arthritis

About

Knee arthritis is the wearing, degeneration or less of articular cartilage in a joint. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and traumatic arthritis.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of knee arthritis include localized pain, loss of motion and a feeling of stiffness, swelling around the joint, crackling or crunching when moving the elbow and weakness of the knee.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation
  • Movement

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

About

Even though many older people are more likely to have osteoarthritis of the knee it is still common in young athletes. Osteoarthritis of the knee is caused by injury or infection or even from being overweight.

Commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis, the natural cushioning between joints — cartilage — wears away. When this happens, the bones of the joints rub closely against one another with less of the shock-absorbing benefits of cartilage.

The rubbing can result in pain, swelling, stiffness, decreased the ability to move and, sometimes, the formation of bone spurs.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee can include, pain increasing when active, swelling, feeling warmth in joints, decrease in mobility of the knee, a creaky, cracking sound when the knee moves.

Treatment Options

  • Physical therapy
  • Exercise
  • Activity modification
  • Periodic rest

Knee MCL

About

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is located on the inner aspect, or part, of your knee, but it’s outside of the joint itself. Ligaments hold bones together and add stability and strength to a joint. his type of injury is common in contact sports. It’s usually the result of a hit or blow to the outer aspect of the knee, which stretches or tears the MCL. MCL injuries can be grades 1, 2, or 3.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of a knee MCL injury include a popping sound upon injury, pain and tenderness along the inner part of the knee, swelling of the knee joint, and locking or catching of the knee.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Physical therapy
  • Wearing a knee brace
  • Limiting activities that can cause further injury

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Knee

About

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can affect your knees and any other joint in your body. It’s an immune system disorder in which the body attacks itself, and especially the joints. Doctors don’t know exactly what causes it.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include pain, swelling, inflammation, stiffness, and warmth around the knees.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Exercise
  • Medication

Knee Tendinitis

About

Knee tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While knee tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around wrists and hands.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with wrist tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries

Knee Patellar Tendinitis

About

Patellar tendonitis is a common injury or inflammation of the tendon that connects your kneecap (patella) to your shinbone (tibia). Your pain may be mild or severe. Anyone can get patellar tendonitis. But it’s such a frequent injury to athletes, especially those who play volleyball and basketball, that it’s called jumper’s knee.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of knee patellar tendinitis include pain and tenderness, swelling or burning, and difficulty performing everyday tasks.

Treatment Options

  • Medication
  • Physical therapy