Lumbar Bulging Disc

About

A lumbar bulging disc can occur as part of the aging process. If the bulge does put pressure on the nerves and surrounding soft tissue it can become symptomatic. It can be additionally caused by a sudden fall or trauma and genetic factors.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a lumbar bulging disc include, pain in the lumbar, pain and tenderness location in the lower back, muscles spasms and changes in posture, a loss of motion, loss of normal cervical curvature and localized swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Ice in pain areas
  • A specially designed exercise regiment
  • A neck collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Facet joint injections
  • Physical therapy

Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease

About

A lumbar degenerative disc disease can be broken up into three parts: dysfunction, instability and restabilization. Aging is the most common cause of disc degeneration. In addition, lumbar degenerative disc can be caused by a sudden fall, a disc herniation or peoples smoke or are obese.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms include patients with lumbar degenerative disc disease, chronic pain the lower back, sensory changes in the lumbar, diminished reflexes, loss of motion and many more issues.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

Lumbar Facet Syndrome

About

Facet joint irritation is a common cause of lower back pain. Like synovial joints, facet joints are susceptible to wear-and-tear, degeneration, inflammation and arthritic changes. Inflammation and degenerative changes to the facet joints may result in pain, loss of motion, and if severe, pinching of the nerve exiting the spinal column.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of lumbar facet syndrome include pain in the lower back, pain, and tenderness, muscle spasms, loss of motion to the neck and discomfort when sitting for an extended period of time.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • A specialized exercise regiment
  • The use of a brace
  • Facet joint injections

Lumbar Herniated Disc

About

A disc herniation can occur when the outer walls of the intervertebral disc tear. When the outer annular rings tear, the gel like nucleus pulposus leaks out pressing on the structures in the area including spinal nerves.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a lumbar herniated disc include pain in the neck, sensory changes such as numbness or tingling, diminished reflexes in the upper extremity, muscle spasms and a loss of mobility.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • A specialized exercise regiment
  • The use of a brace
  • Facet joint injections

Lumbar Muscle Spasm

About

Back spasms can be the result of injuries to the muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the back or it can be related to more serious medical conditions. Heavy lifting is a common cause of back spasms.

Any activity that puts excessive strain on the muscles and ligaments in the lower back can cause an injury. Sports like football and golf can lead to back spasms because they demand that the back turn suddenly and repeatedly. Your back muscles may be more vulnerable if you have weak abdominal muscles, as they help support the back.

Weak or stiff muscles in the back itself can be injured more easily than muscles that are stronger and more limber. Back spasms may occur if you have arthritis or a ruptured disk in your spine.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of a lumbar muscle spasm include fatigue, dehydration and pain.

Treatment Options

  • Applying ice and heat
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Cortisone injections
  • Physical therapy

Lumbar Radiculopathy

About

Lumbar radiculopathy is a pain located in the lumbar. The condition can be caused when other injuries to the lumbar have occured. Lumbar radiculopathy can be caused by participating in athletic activities that strain the biceps, repetitive strain injuries and strain caused by an underlying condition.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of lumbar tendinopathy include lower back pain, pain or burning sensation during activities, weakness, feeling of tightness and swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ice
  • Moist heat
  • A specifically designed exercise regiment
  • A cervical collar
  • Steroidal medication
  • Epidural injections

Lumbar Sprain

About

A lumbar sprain is used to identify the pain that sometimes occurs following an acute injury to the soft tissue of the lumbar, including ligaments, tendons and muscles.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a lumbar sprain can include pain in the neck, swelling in the lumbar, tenderness along the back of the neck, muscle spasms, stiffness moving the lumbar, headaches and pain that radiates from the neck to the shoulder.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that produce the pain
  • Conservative treatment
  • Ice
  • Physical therapy
  • Non-steroidal medication

Sciatica

About

If you suddenly start feeling pain in your lower back or hip that radiates to the back of your thigh and into your leg, you may have a protruding (herniated) disk in your spinal column that is pressing on the nerve roots in the lumbar spine. This condition is known as sciatica.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of sciatica include, pain when moving, sneeze, or coughing, pins and needles, or a burning sensation down your leg.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Heat/cold compresses
  • Muscle relaxants