Adhesive Capsulitis/Frozen Shoulder Syndrome

About

Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition characterized by stiffness and pain in your shoulder joint.

Signs and symptoms typically begin gradually, worsen over time and then resolve, usually within one to three years. Your risk of developing frozen shoulder increases if you're recovering from a medical condition or procedure that prevents you from moving your arms — such as a stroke or a mastectomy.

Signs & Symptoms

Frozen shoulder syndrome symptoms take three phases. The first phase is the freezing stage where your shoulder is in pain, but the motion is not limited. The second stage is the frozen stage when the pain begins to diminish and using your shoulder becomes more difficult. The third stage is when your shoulder begins to improve.

Treatment Options

  • Medication
  • Therapy

Biceps Tendinitis

About

Bicep tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around bicep and shoulder.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with biceps tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries

Glenohumeral/Shoulder Arthritis

About

Shoulder arthritis is the wearing, degeneration or less of articular cartilage in a joint. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and traumatic arthritis.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of shoulder arthritis include localized pain, loss of motion and a feeling of stiffness, swelling around the shoulder, crackling or crunching when moving the shoulder and weakness of the shoulder.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation
  • Movement

Impingement Syndrome

About

One of the most common physical complaints is shoulder pain. Your shoulder is made up of several joints combined with tendons and muscles that allow a great range of motion in your arm.

When you raise your arm to shoulder height, the space between the acromion and rotator cuff narrows. The acromion can rub against (or "impinge" on) the tendon and the bursa, causing irritation and pain.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms may include, minor pain that is present both with activity and at rest, pain radiating from the front of the shoulder to the side of the arm, sudden pain with lifting and reaching movements, athletes in overhead sports may have pain when throwing or serving a tennis ball, pain at night, loss of strength and motion and difficulty doing activities that place the arm behind the back, such as buttoning or zippering.

Treatment Options

  • Rest
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Physical therapy
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Minimally invasive injections

Rotator Cuff Tendinitis

About

Rotator cuff tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around wrists and hands.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with rotator cuff tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries

Shoulder Bursitis

About

Shoulder bursitis is caused by the result of repetitive injury to the bursa or the surrounding tendons. Common causes of bursitis include, participating in athletic activities, repetitive strain injuries, “overload” injuries, and prolonged pressure from leading on the shoulder.

Signs & Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of shoulder bursitis include pain or a burning sensation in the knee, moderate to severe loss of range of motion, pain when moving the arms, weakness, tightness in the elbow and localized swelling or redness of the shoulder.

Treatment Options

  • Avoiding activities that cause pain
  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Physical therapy
  • Anti-steroidal medications is highly recommended

Shoulder Instability

About

The shoulder is the most movable joint in your body. It helps you to lift your arm, to rotate it, and to reach up over your head. It is able to turn in many directions. This greater range of motion, however, can cause instability. Shoulder instability occurs when the head of the upper arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket. This can happen as a result of a sudden injury or from overuse. Once a shoulder has dislocated, it is vulnerable to repeat episodes. When the shoulder is loose and slips out of place repeatedly, it is called chronic shoulder instability.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of chronic shoulder instability include, pain caused by shoulder injury, repeated shoulder dislocations, repeated instances of the shoulder giving out and persistent sensation of the shoulder feeling loose, slipping in and out of the joint, or just "hanging there".

Treatment Options

  • Activity modification
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Physical therapy

Shoulder Separation

About

A shoulder separation is not truly an injury to the shoulder joint. The injury actually involves the acromioclavicular joint (also called the AC joint). The AC joint is where the collarbone (clavicle) meets the highest point of the shoulder blade (acromion).

Signs & Symptoms

The most common cause for a separation of the AC joint is from a fall directly onto the shoulder. The fall injures the ligaments that surround and stabilize the AC joint. If the force is severe enough, the ligaments attaching to the underside of the clavicle are torn. This causes the "separation" of the collarbone and wingbone. The wingbone actually moves downward from the weight of the arm.

Treatment Options

  • A sling
  • Cold packs
  • Minimally invasive surgery

Shoulder Subluxation

About

The shoulder joint is the body's most mobile joint. It can turn in many directions. But, this advantage also makes the shoulder an easy joint to dislocate. A partial dislocation (subluxation) means the head of the upper arm bone (humerus) is partially out of the socket (glenoid). A complete dislocation means it is all the way out of the socket. Both partial and complete dislocation cause pain and unsteadiness in the shoulder.

Signs & Symptoms

Common symptoms of a shoulder subluxation include, swelling, numbness, weakness, and bruising.

Treatment Options

  • Closed reducation surgery

Shoulder Tendinitis

About

Shoulder tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. This condition can cause pain and tenderness outside of the joint. While tendinitis can occur in any of your tendons, it’s most common around wrists and hands.

Signs & Symptoms

A few of the symptoms associated with shoulder tendinitis include pain in the affected limb or joint, tenderness and mild swelling.

Treatment Options

  • Pain relievers
  • PRP therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Other minimally invasive surgeries